Hip hop has four main elements and five secondary elements. The main four are essential for understanding hip hop music, while the other five are not necessary for musicality, but are still relevant.
The four main elements are rap, breakdancing, DJ’ing, and graffiti. Other characteristics are the cultural and historical knowledge of hip hop, street entrepreneurship, beatboxing, hip hop fashion, and the hip hop language.
The history of the Hip-Hop / rap
Hip-hop started in the 1970s as an urban underground movement in the Bronx. The movement initially focused on MC neighborhood parties or private home parties. It has always been a powerful way for people to get used to protesting the impact of legal institutions on minorities, especially in prisons and the police.
Young blacks and urban Latinos in the southern Bronx used hip-hop as a form of expression. It emerged from the ruins of a devastated neighborhood that the public has long rejected as an outdated community.
Jamaican DJ Kool Herc was the first to use hip hop percussion, using two turntables to extend the length of a disc and a mixer to switch between tracks.
MC’ing, or rap, comes from the tradition of African-American confinement, in which men compete in the originality of language to attract listeners. Therefore, this spoken style was put into a rhythm.
While the idea of hip hop was still new, the basics already existed in African American music. The text of modern hip-hop has gone from sexual progress to social or political commentary.
What was once a spoken word has become a rhythmic point, which has given rise to rhyme and beat in its current form.
Hip-hop / rap in the ’80s
In the late 1970s, hip-hop was mainstream. The 80s marked the start of the first rap song certified by Kurtis Blow. It also saw artists like Afrika Bambaataa rapping on electronic sound, rather than on records.
In 1986, Beastie Boys, one of the first white hip-hop groups, released Licensed to Ill, which became the first rap album to reach the top of the Billboard album charts. Other recordings that began during this decade included artists such as Run-DMC, Public Enemy, Grandmaster Flash, and Biz Markie.
Many artists of the 80s made social statements using hip-hop as a platform, and the genre began to use the human body to reflect the rhythm of the music. Beatboxing quickly gained popularity, both as an accompanist and as a soloist.
Music videos have also started to shape the music industry and, in the hip hop genre, these collections have tended to glorify urban neighborhoods, graffiti, and hip hop as a subculture.
Hip-hop / rap in the ’90s
In the 1990s, gangsta rap became a commercial success, and the text became violence, misogyny, and drugs. Hip hop became a commodity, and black teens were no longer the only paying audience.
Hip hop was the platform for social and political messages for people who did not know the living conditions in the ghetto. Even today, hip hop attracts a wider audience, thanks to artists of all races.
Hip hop was not just a musical genre, but also a movement. It was a platform through which artists alerted people to the diseases of society. The reason why this particular genre is so popular among African Americans is that it is the only way to communicate with people and share their problems with them. Through music, they can show the world that they are misinterpreted and do not want to be treated as a minority. Hip hop has been a growing force for many.
The artists who made hip-hop famous include: DJ Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash, Africa Bambaataa, LL Cool J, A Tribe Called Quest, Run DMC, Beastie Boys, Tupac Shakur, Notorious B.I.G., Snoop Dogg, Dr. Dre, Eminem, Twista, DMX, Ja rule, NAS, Dr. Dre, Ice Cube, and Jay Z.
Today's most popular artists include Eminem, Drake, Lil Wayne, Post Malone, Nicki Minaj, Kendrick Lamar, Jay-Z, Kanye West, J Cole, Cardi B,