Being called the child genre of soul music and Rhythms and Blues , Funk refers to a style of urban music driven by drumbeats involved in the Rhythmic counterplay, all striving toward producing a ‘groove.’ Hip-Hop music, Disco, and Reggae are said to have been derived from the Funk genre.
Funk music is one of the most popular modern music genres around the globe that can be traced back to the mid-1960s. Funk music was first originated in the African-American communities where African American artists blended soul music, jazz and Rhythm, and Blues to form a new danceable and Rhythmic genre of music. This genre of music shifts the focus from melody and chord progressions to a strong Rhythmic groove bassline and drum part, usually at a slower pace as compared to the other popular music genre. The word Funk derived from the Latin word “fumigate” (which means “to smoke”) refers to a strong odor.
Over time the word Funk took up different meanings until it was picked up as a jazz slang in early 1900 as something that is deeply or strongly felt. Similar to soul music, Funk music was also introduced as dance music has a strong Rhythmic element. Funk music involves great instrument involvement. It includes heavy drums along with bass, keyboard, and electric guitar. Instruments like trumpets and saxophones are also occasionally added by the Funk groups to add emphasis to their music. The electric bass wasn’t used very prominently in music production before Funk came along. As Funk music developed, the popularity of electric bass also had immense growth.
In the early 1970s, this genre of music developed as the musical standard for numerous bands that included Ohio Players and Kool and the gang and even Soul artists like The Temptations and Stevie Wonder were inspired greatly by the Funk music. Since the 1970s, Funk music has served as the foundation for multiple popular subgenres that include Funk Rock, Electro Funk, Funk metal, etc. It will be fair to say that Disco is the most famous genre of music of all time. Such a popular genre of music that is listened in every corner of the word was based on the basic principles of funk. In the late 1970s, the social and Rhythmic foundations of Funk developed to give birth to a Disco.
Later on, Prince, James Brown, and even Bruno Mars contributed to the gloriousness of this category. ‘Uptown Funk’ by Bruno Mars is not shy of an introduction. Moreover, Prince's ‘When Doves Cry’ is another name on that list. Funk music, till today, has proved to be nothing but an essential to get the groove up and running.